Parts of Speech

Knowing the vocabulary of grammar is not a key to success, however it is one way of talking about grammar. This is a terrific grammar summary for both native speakers and non-native speakers of English

In loving memory of...

Dr. Charles Darling

Founder of the Guide to Grammar and Writing

Dr. Charles Darling was completely devoted to Capital Community College, where he joyfully worked for 35 years as an English professor and, briefly, as Director of Public Relations.

Charles developed The Guide to Grammar and Writing in 1996, originally to help his students write reports and research papers. In addition, he wanted to create a place where students could look up grammatical issues for themselves. The Guide to Grammar and Writing rapidly took on a life of its own, mushrooming into a wildly popular site, with upwards of 30,000 hits per day from all over the world. It was a labor of love for Charles and, when he retired in 2005, he continued working on it.

Charles thought it was essential that the site remain a free service, but laughed at the implications if it were otherwise.

“If I collected a dime for every e-mail, I wouldn’t have to do the painting of my doors and walls myself in our remodeled home,” Charles told reporter Bob Sudyk (The Hartford Courant, Northeast magazine, 4/11/04).

Charles Darling was one special human being. He was kind, smart and funny, with an abundance of love that he showered upon his wife, sons, grandsons, and his Capital Community College students and colleagues. He is deeply missed.

Jane Bronfman

Director of Marketing and Public Relations

Capital Community College

The college has established a fund in memory of Dr. Darling.

For those who wish to donate online, please click the link below.

Retrieved December 22, 2015 from


Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.

KINDS OF PRONOUNS: Personal || Demonstrative || Indefinite || Relative ||

Reflexive || Intensive || Interrogative || Reciprocal


The three articles — a, an, the — are a kind of adjective. The is called the definite article because it usually precedes a specific or previously mentioned noun; a and an are called indefinite articles because they are used to refer to something in a less specific manner (an unspecified count noun).


Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

the lugubrious lieutenant

a solid commitment

a month's pay

a six-year-old child

the unhappiest, richest man


A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. Whatever exists, we assume, can be named, and that name is a noun.


Verbs are an action or a state of being


Adverbs are words that modify

(1) a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)

(2) an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?)

(3) another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)


A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence.

Single Words

about above across after against around at

before behind below beneath beside besides between beyond by

down during


for from

in inside into



of off on out outside over


through throughout till to toward

under until up upon

with without


according to,

because of, by way of,

in addition to, in front of, in place of, in regard to, in spite of, instead of,

on account of,

out of


aka Coordinating Conjunctions

“f a n b o y s “

, for

, and

, nor

, but

, or

, yet

, so

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Benjamin Franklin quotes on education and learning 1. “Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.”― Benjamin Franklin 2. “Either write something worth reading or do som